Crash FactsPennsylvania DUI Association
▶ In Pennsylvania, drinking and driving remains a top safety issue. In 2018, alcohol-related crashes decreased to 9,811 from 10,346 alcohol-related crashes in 2017. In 2018, alcohol-related fatalities increased to 331 from 293 in 2017.
▶ Of particular concern is the involvement of drinking drivers under the age of 21. 29% of the driver fatalities in the 16-20 age group were drinking drivers, up from 18% in 2017. Improvement in this age group is a very important need.
▶ Of equal focus is the 21 to 25 age group, in which 43% of the driver fatalities were drinking drivers. This age group had the worst percentage of all groups, and was up from 31% in 2017. The 26 to 30 age group decreased to 36% from 42% in 2017.
▶ In 2018, alcohol-related deaths were 28% of the total traffic fatalities, less than in 2014 and 2015.
▶ 331 people died in alcohol-related crashes.
▶ 90% of the alcohol-related occupant fatalities (drivers and passengers) were in the vehicle driven by the drinking driver; 75% were the drinking drivers themselves.
▶ 75% of the drinking drivers in traffic crashes were male.
▶ 67% of the alcohol-related crashes were during the hours of darkness, usually on weekends.
▶ On average each day, 27 alcohol-related traffic crashes occurred.
▶ On average each day, 0.9 persons were fatally injured in alcohol-related traffic crashes.
▶ On average each day, 17 persons were injured in alcohol-related traffic crashes.
Alcohol Involvement in Crashes
Although alcohol-related crashes accounted for approximately 8% of the total crashes in 2018, they resulted in 28% of all persons fatally injured in crashes. Alcohol-related crashes were 4.7 times more likely to result in fatal injury than those not related to alcohol (3.1% of the alcohol-related crashes resulted in fatal injury, compared to 0.7% of crashes which were not alcohol-related). “PDO Crashes” in the table below refers to property damage only crashes.
|Fatal Crashes||Deaths||Injury Crashes||Injuries||PDO Crashes|
|Alcohol-Related||307 (27.8%)||331 (27.8%)||4,665 (8.2%)||6,227 (8.0%)||4,839 (6.9%)|
|Non-Alcohol Related||796 (72.2%)||859 (72.2%)||52,089 (91.8%)||72,007 (92.0%)||65,698 (93.1%)|
|Total||1,103 (100.0%)||1,190 (100.0%)||56,754 (100.0%)||78,234 (100.0%)||70,537 (100.0%)|
Alcohol-Related Crashes—Five-Year Trends
Alcohol-related crashes decreased in 2018, and were the lowest total in the last five years. Alcohol-related fatalities increased in 2018, and were the third lowest total in the last five years. Alcohol-related fatalities are trending downward.
|Fatal Crashes per 100,000 Licensed Drivers||3.5||3.6||3.0||3.1||3.4|
|Deaths per 100,000 Licensed Drivers||3.7||3.9||3.3||3.3||3.7|
Victims of Alcohol-Related Fatal Crashes
There were 273 driver and passenger fatalities in alcohol-related crashes in 2018, while 245 (90%) were the drinking drivers or their passengers.
|Drinking Drivers||204 (91.1%)|
|Non-Drinking Drivers||20 (8.9%)|
|Passengers with Drinking Driver||41 (83.7%)|
|Passengers with Non-Drinking Driver||8 (16.3%)|
|Drinking Pedestrian||41 (74.6%)|
|Non-Drinking Pedestrian||14 (25.5%)|
Victims of Fatal Crashes by Time of Day
Alcohol-related crashes occurring between 8:00 PM and 4:00 AM produced the vast majority of deaths (58% of alcohol-related deaths). In contrast, under half of the deaths (51%) from non-alcohol-related crashes resulted from crashes occurring between noon and 8:00 PM.
|Time of Occurrence||Non-Alcohol Related||Alcohol Related|
Victims of Fatal Crashes by Day of Week
Just under half (48%) of alcohol-related fatal crash victims were the result of crashes occurring on Saturday and Sunday, while fatal crash victims of non-alcohol-related crashes tended to be distributed more evenly throughout the work week with the fewest occurring on Thursday and Saturday
|Day of Occurrence||Non-Alcohol-Related||Alcohol-Related|
Alcohol-Related Crashes—Day vs. Night
66.8% of alcohol-related crashes occurred at night.
Alcohol-Related Holiday Crashes
In 2018, 10% of all holiday crashes involved alcohol use; however, 41% of deaths which occurred during holiday weekends were related to alcohol use.
|Post New Years||119||5|
|Post Memorial Day||109||7|
Driver Involvement in Alcohol-Related Crashes by Vehicle Type
Motorcyclists had the largest percentage of drinking drivers to total drivers compared to the drivers of other types of vehicles. Drinking drivers of passenger cars, light trucks, vans, and sport utility vehicles were equal to or just above the average for drivers of all vehicle types. Bus and heavy truck drivers accounted for very few of the drinking drivers in crashes.
Total Drivers in Crashes – 210,108
Drinking Drivers in Crashes -9,585 (4.6% of total)
|Passenger Cars||5,600||4.8% of total|
|Lt Trk/SUV/Van||3,580||4.4% of total|
|Heavy Truck||42||0.5% of total|
|Motorcycle||288||10.4% of total|
|Bus||1||0.1% of total|
|Other||74||5.3% of total|
Drinking Drivers in Crashes by Age and Sex
In 2017, roughly 3 out of 4 drinking drivers in crashes were male (across most age groups), with only slight variations among the age groups. The table below does not include an additional 57 drivers for whom age and/or sex were not known.
Drinking Drivers vs. Non-Drinking Drivers Involved in Crashes by Age Group
In 2018, as the table below shows, the two age groups from 21 to 30 had the highest percentage of drinking drivers within their respective age groups. After age 40, the percentage of drinking drivers within the succeeding age groups steadily declined. The Under 16 age group continues to be of particular concern, as it included 4 drinking drivers.
|Age Group||Drinking Driver||Non-Drinking Driver|
Drinking Driver Deaths as a Percentage of Total Driver Deaths, by Age Group
The table below shows drinking driver fatalities as a percentage of total driver fatalities within each respective age group for 2018 crashes. The age group from 21 to 25 had the highest percentage, with 43% of the driver fatalities in this age group being a drinking driver. The 16-20 age group increased from 18.0% in 2017. In 2018, there were no drivers under the age of 16 who chose to combine alcohol usage and driving without a license.
|Age Group||Percentage of Total Driver Deaths|
Underage Drinking Drivers in Pennsylvania Crashes—Historical Data
Act 31, commonly known as the “Underage Drinking Law,” went into effect on May 24, 1988. From that year, and until 1994, the number of underage drinking drivers involved in Pennsylvania crashes declined each year. From 1997 until 2002, the amount of underage drinking drivers remained consistently high. From that point until 2015 there has been a downward trend with 2009, 2010, 2012 and 2016 disrupting the steady decrease.
|Year||Underage Drinking Drivers in PA Crashes|